Getting to Mongolia from China on a Budget

There’s quite a bit of information out there on the net on how to get from Mongolia into China on a budget and in general, but most of the articles are fairly vague or don’t have all the information in one place. I’m hoping that this article will clarify everything and all the options on how it’s possible. Note that this information on the border crossing explains the most popular border crossing between Mongolia and China only. Moreover, it only explains the border crossing on a budget. Lots of travellers go from Beijing to Ulaanbaatar on the train directly which is great, and hassle free, but it can be expensive, too. Most tickets for that train to Mongolia cost about $250. If you cross into Mongolia the way I did it, it shouldn’t cost you more than $100, although it’s much more of a mission for sure. This is how to do it.


First Step: Get to Erlian (Erenhot)

Erlian (二连), which is also known as Erenhot, is the border town on the Chinese side of the border. The town doesn’t really have much to offer in itself. But it’s pleasant enough. It’s also the best place in the world to stock up on gear for Mongolia. The market has really cheap prices. If you need to buy things, do it there as prices in Ulaanbaatar are insanely high for outdoor gear.

Anyways, getting to Erlian is fairly simple from most places in northern China. From Beijing it’s about an 8 hour bus ride and should cost a little over 100 Yuan. Be sure to book your tickets in advance as the buses fill up pretty quickly. Another popular place for jumping onto Erlian is Hohhot. Hohhot is especially popular for travellers because it’s the best place to get a visa for Mongolia in China. It’s possible to get your visa there in a day and is relatively hassle-free. From Hohhot, it’s about 7 hours by bus to Erlian. Our bus ticket to Erlian cost 92 Yuan. There are several buses in the morning, though we caught one at 12:30pm since we weren’t leaving for the border until the morning.

There is also a train that goes from Hohhot to Erlian but there seems to only be hard seats available and it takes 12 hours.

Step Two: Spend a Night in Erlian

It’s not completely necessary to do this step. You can also arrive in Erlian and immediately arrange a way across the border. However, we only had a 30 day visa for Mongolia, so we didn’t want to waste a day of it in at the Mongolian border id we missed the train. Staying in Erlian is a good option, though, because it means you can get an early start at the border crossing. It also means you can do some shopping, if you need to. There’s also dinosaur museum just out of town as well, which might be of a bit of interest to you.

As for hotels in town, there are a cluster of them near the trains station. We stayed at Tai An Hotel (there’s a screenshot of the location below), which was decent. It cost 100 Yuan for a double room. There was no wifi, but they did have a LAN cable for internet and the net was really fast. The rooms are also quite nice and there was reliable hot water in the showers.

Screenshot Tan Ai Hotel

Step 3: Crossing the Border to Mongolia and Zamiin Uud

If you look at a map, you’ll think it’s an easy border to cross. It’s only about 3km from Erlian to the Chinese side of the border, than it’s another 1km across the border, and then you’re in the Mongolian town of Zamiin Uud. In reality, it’s a giant pain in the ass for a couple reasons. First of all, you can’t walk across the border, so you need a vehicle. Second of all, the Chinese immigration line is stupid. There is only one line open and it can take hours. We got fairly lucky and it only took 45 minutes. Thirdly, you can’t just take a taxi across, so it has to be in a vehicle specific for the crossing. Anyways, these are your options for the crossing.

Crossing from Erlian to Zamiin Uud in a Jeep

This is the most popular option for travellers not because it’s the easiest, but because it gives them the greatest chance to get a ticket to Ulaanbaatar on the train for the same day. The procedure is fairly straight forward, but quite frustrating. Firstly, you’ll need to go to Dinosaur Square (screenshot below) where you’ll see the jeeps. Then, you’ll have to negotiate the crossing. The price is usually 70-100 Yuan. Be sure to be clear on the time of departure, or the vehicle may take a while before you go. We got to the square at 8am, and left at 930am. We were the first of all the jeeps to leave. If you want to hire out a jeep for yourself, it’ll cost you between 600-1000 Yuan depending on your negotiating skills.

Dinosaur Square

The jeeps from Erlian meet at the pin.

The jeeps aren’t comfortable. There was 10 of us plus a driver squeezed into ours. We were all on one bench of seats literally on top of each other. However, it’s not really much of an issue as you only travel really short distances. The jeep takes you to the Chinese immigration. Once inside, you just pass through the exit line which for no reason at all takes forever. Why it takes 5 minutes to process each person to leave the country is beyond me, why there is only one line for dozens of people is also a question. But, the answer we’ve been saying for any question we’ve had in the past 2 months is: China. Also, in older accounts of this crossing, it was mentioned that you had to pay a 5Yuan exit tax somewhere. When we crossed in July 2014, this wasn’t the case. Once your whole group is through immigration, you’ll get back into the jeeps and head to Mongolian immigration. You’ll likely get stopped at least once by the military too. Then, the Mongolian line is much quicker and you’ll be into the country.

At the border, on the Mongolian side, there are 3 or 4 bank machines if you need to draw money. However, there are also a number of them at the train station, which is where the jeep will drop you off after everyone is cleared. We finally made it to the train station at about 11:30am which we felt was fairly good considering the circumstances and stories we heard of people not arriving until 4pm.

Taking the Bus from Erlian to Zamiin Uud

The bus is the cheapest option, but is likely going to be the slowest way of getting to Mongolia from Erlian. From the sounds of it, there are only a couple buses a day. They leave around midday. They are fairly cheap, but if you take this option you’ll likely arrive too late in Zamiin Uud to get tickets on the train to Ulaanbaatar. Moreover, since you’ll be crossing with all the people from the bus, the actually time at the border could double or triple. If you’re on a strict budget and you don’t mind spending a night at the Mongolian border town, it might be an option. Otherwise, it’s probably not all that enjoyable.

Taking the Train from Erlian to Mongolia

This is the most comfortable option, and also fairly reasonably priced. The only issue is that you might have a problem getting onward to Ulaanbaatar that night. Also, the train from Erlian to Mongolia only leaves a couple times a week. And when it leaves, it doesn’t until about 7pm (check the station for current times). That being said, if you don’t mind risking it, crossing this way is the easy way. Tickets from Erlian to Zamiin Uud cost 67 Yuan and all the border proceedings happen on board the train. You might wait a while at the border on the train, but it’s fairly simple.

This train continues on to Ulaanbaatar, but since you can only buy tickets for Mongolian trains in Mongolia, you can’t buy tickets until you’ve crossed the border officially. It might be a good risk, though, as you can buy tickets to Ulaanbaatar on board for about 200 Yuan if there are still some available. If there aren’t, the worst case scenario is you get off in Zamiin Uud and stay at one of the hotels at the station and go and book your tickets to Ulaanbaatar first thing the next morning. If we didn’t have the visa issue we did, we would have done it this way.

Zamiin Uud Train Station

Zamiin Uud Train Station

Step 4: Getting to Ulaanbaatar

This is the easiest step, although it’s also the one that people stress most about. There are 3 options for getting to Ulaanbaatar despite the horror stories people tell about the train being the only option.

The Train to Ulaanbaatar

You book tickets on the second floor of the train station. The station isn’t the big old-fashioned building that you’ll expect when you arrive at the train station’s square. It’s actually the building to the left. If you have some time to kill at the station, there are some VIP rooms in that old building. We paid 1,000 (50 cents US) an hour, and they had WiFi and comfortable seats to relax.

As for the train, it’s an old Russian train, and it’s pretty sweet. We paid just 31,000 Mongolian (16USD) for soft sleepers to the capital. It left at 6pm and we arrived the next day in Ulaanbaatar at 9am. It was fairly comfortable. It was pretty hot, but the windows opened allowing us to get some cool air in, so it wasn’t an issue. The landscapes are amazing and a really cool introduction to the country.

There is at minimum a train every day.  The daily train leaves at 5:25pm.  The day we went through there were actually 3 trains to Ulaanbaatar with one at 6:05pm and another at 9:00pm.  It seems like Tuesday and maybe Sunday are the only days there’s only one train.

Bus or Van to Ulaanbaatar from Zamiin Uud

When we arrived at the train station there weren’t any vans leaving to Ulaanbaatar, however, by late afternoon there were dozens of vans, minibuses and jeeps, likely collecting all those who couldn’t get on the train. None of them looked comfortable, and all of them were packed to the teeth with packages and goods. I’m not sure on the exact cost of the trip in the van, but I’m told it’s about 10USD. The trip takes about 10-12 hours. Unless you’re in a hurry, broke, and desperate this is probably your last option.

Private Car from Zamiin Uud to Ulaanbaatar

When we arrived at the train station there were a couple people that approached us with private cars for shared rides to Ulaanbaatar. They told us the trip would only take 7 hours. And although we were dead set on the train – because trains are awesome – a couple locals from our group jumped in with them without a second thought. We were told a private car to Ulaanbaatar is about $120 split between as many people share it. I would assume somewhere between $30-50 USD would get you there.

Revisions? Updates?

This post was last updated July 2014. If you have had any different experience or have an update on proceedings, please let me know in the comments and I’ll update the article accordingly. If you have any questions, please drop me a comment and I’ll get to you as soon as possible.

Back to the China travel guides


23 Comments

  1. Thanks for sharing your trip form China to Mongolia. We just tried a budget trip from Hong Kong to Shenzhen, China. Okay, we will try that from China to Mongolia route.

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  2. Hey there Brendan, really helpful post! Just wondering, were you visa free for 30days, or visa exempt or whatever you call it. I’m just wondering, my partner and I qualify for visa exemption for 30 days but I’m not sure how that works overland, They just stamp you in at the border like they would at an airport? We have had troubles in the past with differing visa policies overland so just want to check before we arrive at the border!

    Cheers

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    • Hi Shelley,
      Yup, if you’re visa exempt they just stamp your passport with an entry stamp at the land/airport border and then an exit stamp upon departure. It’s free and really easy.

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  3. Hi, I was wondering if it is possible to do online booking? especially since you said the tickets will be sold out pretty soon, for the trip from beijing to erlian. May i know what are some of the gear you would recommend for a visit in early august (climate wise etc). Thank you so much!

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    • As far as I know you can’t. But, that said I don’t think getting tickets to Erlian is a problem. If you book a couple days ahead you’ll be fine.
      For gear, you might want to dress warmer than you think. It’s cold-ish in parts of Mongolia at night and the weather is crazy. One day we went from beautiful sunlight to torrential rain and a tornado nearby within a couple hours. Bring layers, water and windproof clothing is key!

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  4. Nice post Brendan! Do you remember where in Hohhot you took the night but to Erlian? I’m also wondering, if you know, if it’s possible to rent motorbikes in Erlian. Did you see any rental local?
    Many thanks,
    Alejandro

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    • Hello again, I meant if you know if it’s possible to rent motorbikes in ZAMYN UUD 🙂

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    • Hi! Actually, I just took the day bus to Erlian. It left from the main bus terminal there in the city. As for renting a bike, I really have no idea. I haven’t heard of anyone renting motorbikes in that part of Mongolia. It may be possible, but it’s definitely not something that is outwardly advertised.

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  5. Thank you for this excellent alternative for getting to Mongolia! I had planned on just taking the train from Beijing, but this sounds way more interesting.

    I had a question about the markets in Erlian. What kind of gear do you remember seeingt? I’m headed to the Arctic in December so quality boots, gloves, and other cold weather gear will be necessary, and I’m deciding whether to stock up now here in Korea or wait.

    Thanks for any info you have!

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  6. Hello Branden. Thank you for the wonderful information on how to get to Ulaanbatar from Bejing. I am a single 60 yr old woman wanting to travel alone. Do you think there would be any safety concerns on the way, or when I arrived in Mongolia? Thank you!

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    • I think you’ll be fine! It was a bit of a long day going the other direction, but I’ve always heard it’s easier coming from Mongolia to China. Good luck!

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  7. Hi, Brenda!

    Thank you very much for this very, very helpful information. I truly appreciate it! Greetings from the Philippines! 🙂

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    • *Brendan
      Sorry for the misspelled name.

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  8. Hello Brendan!

    Thank you for this! I plan to do this alone in June and I’m just wondering, is it easy to spot fellow travellers doing the same budget way to cross the border? I have to admit, I’m worried now after watching the video (haha *nervous laugher* :s) but I really want to do it to save money. Also,when you cross the border, did the immigration ask for an itinerary getting out of Mongolia? Like a return ticket to China or somewhere else?

    Cheers! 😀

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    • Nope, entering into Mongolia from China was super easy. They love tourists in Mongolia and will basically just stamp your passport. After the crazy bureaucracy of China, it’s such a welcome relief.

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      • Cool! Thanks so much! Happy travels! 🙂

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  9. Hey, I love traveling and am planning to hike from India to Mongolia via China. We’re not from a visa exempt country; any idea which visa we’ll have to apply for?

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  10. This might be outside the scope of the blog. But since your posts are up to date, do you know what the situation is with onward visas to Russia? I had planned traveling overland bank home to the UK, but with only five days left on my visa from China as I head to Mongolia, I’ve only just started looking at the Russian situation and it’s making the onward journey very complicated. I’m wondering whether I should start thinking about missing out on Russia and head home via a different route, still on a budget. Flights aren’t really an option on my budget.

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    • Hi Tony,
      When I was in Hong Kong they told me I could get a visa for Russia there in Hong Kong. Then, when I was in Mongolia, I was told getting a visa for Russia in Ulanbator was fairly easy. I’m not sure if that’s still the case, though. Good luck!

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  11. Hello Brendan thank you for sharing us your experience crossing to Mongolia from China I have plan go to Russia from hongkong next year, budget travelers like me your blog is really helpful for me

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  12. Hi, Thanks for your helpful blog. I am a 57 yr old lady traveling solo (husband hates international travel)since mid August. Currently in Xi’an then will make my way to Beijing then “piece meal” my way into Mongolia then into Russia. I have been budgeting so I can continue to travel longer this trip. It sounds like I would save roughly over 100.00 U.S. this route. I will consider heavily as for me budget is important but so is the experience. Got my Russian & Chinese Visa’s before I left the States. Thanks again

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  13. You forgot hitchhiking…I am at the border now and hitched all the way from Hong Kong…real easy, fast and free :))) I have read hitching is easy in mongolia and if stranded just knock on door of one of the gurt (sic) and you will be invited in no probs :)))

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  14. Wow, this sounds very interesting. This route would definitely help save lots on the budget. You’re awesome for sharing this!

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