How to Ride the Iron Ore Train in Mauritania

Riding the Iron Ore train from Nouadhibou to Choum, Mauritania was one of the top travel experiences I have ever had.  The journey from the coast into the heart of the Mauritanian Sahara is as much of an adventure as one could possible have, and will certainly leave you full of stories to tell.  However,  I am not going to go into details about the journey since it was already featured in the latest issue of Vagabundo Magazine.  But, I will let you know a little bit about what to expect and what to bring with you on the trip as well as share some photos from the Mauritanian iron ore train, which I have been told may actually be the longest train in the world at over 2km long.

Iron Ore Train Mauritania

This is the longest train in the world, by most accounts. From where I was, you couldn’t see the front of the train.


  • Time: Ask in town when the iron ore train is leaving.  It generally leaves at 2pm from the train station outside of Nouadhibou, but can change.  It can be late, but is usually surprisingly punctual going this direction.
  • Tickets: If you are going to go in the passenger car you need to buy a ticket inside the station.  You might want to buy a day or two in advance as they sometimes sell out.  If you plan on stowing away, it is free and you don’t need a ticket.
  • Documents: You will want at least two Fiches for Mauritania
  • Departure: When the train arrives just jump into the back of one of the cars.  You have to climb in, but there is a ladder on one side.  Try to pick a car near the passenger car because this is where you’ll want to be when you get out in Choum.
  • The Iron Ore: From Nouadhibou to Choum the train is empty.  The only iron ore that remains is the dust which is bad but not nearly as horrible as you might think.
  • Distance: The train takes about 14-16 hours to Choum.  I believe it was about 340km and there are markers on the way to Choum.  I arrived in Choum at 4am.
  • Arrival: When you get off in Choum there will be at least one truck to Atar.  My suggestion is to pay a little extra for a seat inside the truck if you can as the ride in the back of the truck (as I did) was one of the most uncomfortable rides I’ve ever taken.
Iron Ore Train Mauritania

The train station in Nouadhibou

Iron Ore Train Mauritania

Passengers fighting to get into the one passenger car. Waste of time and money, just jump into a ore car!

Iron Ore Train Mauritania

Two dudes I shared the car with. Good people.

What you need to Bring

  • Headscarf: You will want a headscarf for sure.  The iron ore isn’t too bad, but the dust from the desert will beat you silly without one.  The stuff sticks to  hair almost magnetically.
  • Snacks: The locals will bring tea and bread into the car with them.  At a certain hour they will eat as a group.  Of course, they will invite you as well.  If you don’t bring anything they will still share, but you’ll feel like a jerk joining them.  I brought cashews, raisins, and a little bit of fruit all of which were all hits.
  • Water: Don’t think that 1 litre is enough.  I packed just 1 litre on the iron ore train and I was parched by the time I got to Choum.  The locals will make you tea and they might even use some of your water if they need it.  Bring 2Ls per person if you can.  There are a couple places along the way that people try to sell water, but it’s not a guarantee.
  • Sunscreen: You’re really only in the sun for the first couple hours, but in the Sahara it will burn you quickly if you’re not careful.
  • Light: It’s dark on the train.  In fact, aside from the moon and stars it is black.  Bring a light of some sort.
  • Jacket: If you’re riding in the Summer you’ll likely not need it for the warmth, but in the Winter you definitely will.  Regardless, you’ll at least want something that’s waterproof to keep the dusk and iron ore off your skin (well, as much as you can).
  • Mat:  I didn’t have a sleeping mat and I got by fine.  However, if you have a mat that you don’t mind getting a bit dirty you’ll be in heaven.  Laying in the back of that iron ore train under the stars was incredible, and if it were a bit more comfortable I might never have wanted to leave.
  • Fiche: As I mentioned, you’ll want to carry a couple copies of your Mauritania Fiche.  I printed 20 in Nouadhibou, and by the time I got to Nouakchott 10 days later I went through them all plus 5 more.
Iron Ore Train Mauritania

Not much to do for 14 hours except sleep and relax.

Iron Ore Train Mauritania

Oh, and enjoy the view. Other than sands and more sand, there’s the occasional camel roaming around.

Iron Ore Train Mauritania


Iron Ore Train Mauritania

Making tea in one of the corners of the train car. Everyone eats together, sharing supplies and food.


  • Don’t be Scared: Everyone likes a scary story, this is not one.  Although it sounds really crazy, and is, it’s not really dangerous at all.
  • Trust the Locals: I don’t think I’ve ever met more hospitable people in the world than in Mauritania.  They are always looking to help out visitors and are glad to point them in the right direction.
  • Drink it in: Take some time to lay back, take a look up at those amazing stars and reflect on where you are in the world. Riding the iron ore train in Mauritania is one of the world’s great adventures.  And you likely have it all to yourself! How amazing is that?
Iron Ore Train Mauritania

Good dude helped me with everything, including getting from Choum to Atar.

Author: Brendan van Son

Author: I am a travel writer and photographer from Alberta, Canada. Over my years as a travel photographer, I have visited 6 of the 7 continents and more countries than I have any desire to count. If you want to improve your skills, be sure to check out my travel photography channel on Youtube . Also, check out my profile on . to learn a little bit more about me and my work.

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  1. Great story and thanks for the information regarding Mauritania fiche – handy information. In Australia we have a lot of these 2km iron ore trains in the north of Western Australia but you can’t ride on them and don’t have passenger cars. Someone I know who works up there went on one once in the drivers room and said it was a great trip.

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    • It’s great fun. There is only one passenger car on this train and it is pretty rough too. Personally, I think you’d be better off in the cars under the stars on this one than stuffed in the old passenger car, but that’s just me. I’m a bit mad haha.

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  2. I’ve always wanted to do something like this. Good to hear it’s not too hard 😀

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    • Travellers like to build up their adventures like the are so hardcore. And maybe I’m just a vet, but for me this was a piece of pie. However, riding the iron ore train was absolutely epic and incredible. The worst part, however, was the 3 hours in the back of the truck after… that was torture.

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  3. It’s not very often that we get to read about a completely original journey in the travel blogosphere. Even Iraqi Kurdistan is starting to be a bit “done.” Thanks for sharing!

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    • Hey Kate, It’s almost a struggle finding unique experiences like this. However, that’s always been my goal and hopefully Africa brings on plenty more like this! Thanks for reading!

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  4. Hi Brendan,

    I am looking at travelling over there shortly and plan to do this train ride and spend quite a bit of time in Mauritania and Western Sahara, Morocco and Algeria.

    Could you please let me know how well each of these countries speak English? as I do not speak any other language (as yet) I would love to know how hard it is to get by with only an English vocabulary.

    Kind regards
    Trent Becirevic

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    • Hi Trent, it’s fairly easy in Morocco and Western Sahara. In Mauritania, it will be much more difficult but not impossible. I know plenty of people who have done it with no English at all. As for Algeria, I can’t really say as I’ve not been there before. I’m sure that you’ll be able to get by just fine though, it’ll just take a touch of patience and some sign language.

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  5. Very nice adventure. Would like to ask for more info if it’s possible…

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  6. Hey! Thanks so much for all this information!! Was just wondering did you buy a passenger ticket or stow away? Thanks!!

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    • I stowed away.

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  7. How did you get back to the coast? Would like to do the journey the other way round..

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  8. Hi, I’m a solo female traveler and I’m hoping to take the iron ore train in a few days, do you think it will be safe/comfortable as a solo female ? Did you see any women ?

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    • There were lots of women, but none in the stowaway cars. They were all in the passenger car. Personally, I think you’d be fine stowing away. The men on the train we extremely hospitable to me.

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  9. Hello mate.

    Just came back from Western Africa. Me and my pal Hubert did this trip in both ways in a period of two days. Firstly we’ve arrived from Nouakchott to Nouadhibou. From there a cart to Zouerat (over 624 km) then small bus/van to Atar. The next day we came back to Choum and took another cart to Nouadhibou (437 km). All in all 1061 km 😉

    Pictures from our trip:

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    • Congrats on the epic journey!

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